Éditorial : «1905, l’esprit d’une loi» LE FIGARO, 21st November 2018. There are laws, but then there are their spirit and their history. The depth of centuries is invested in the law of 1905. To understand it, one must keep in mind the tension between the spiritual and the temporal powers — the clash between Christian France and Republican France. As a law of compromise born in pain and brutality, it allows believer and non-believer to live quietly together. It’s about freedom of conscience and freedom of worship. Since its inception, this law has travelled through time not without difficulty — especially on the question of the schools — but without ever re-awakening the violence of earlier struggles.